Children need opportunities to apply their understanding by comparing actual numbers and explaining which is more. For example, a child is shown two boxes and told one has 5 sweets in and the other has 3 sweets in. Which box would they pick to keep and why? Look for the reasoning in the response they give, i.e. ‘I would pick the 5 box because 5 is more than 3 and I want more.’ If shown two numerals, children can say which is larger by counting or matching one-to-one.

Children can compare numbers that are far apart, near to and next to each other. For example, 8 is a lot bigger than 2 but 3 is only a little bit bigger than 2.

**Activities and opportunities:**

- explain unfair sharing - 'This one has more because it has 5 and that one only has 3'
- compare numbers that are far apart, near to, and next to each other.